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In like manner, the possessions of hisfoes were secure from his designs, since it was no easy task, hethought, to steal from people on their guard; but it was hisparticular good fortune to have discovered how easy it is to rob afriend in the midst of his security. But we will beeven with them; if they leave provisions for themselves anywhere,there also shall they see us marching;" and, turning to Cheirisophus,he added: "But it strikes me, we should sally forth against theseincendiaries and protect our country." I shall want also the straps which you use for the baggageanimals. After hearing these statements, the generals seated apart those who 17claimed to have any special knowledge of the country in any direction;they put them to sit apart without making it clear which particularroute they intended to take. Such was theplight in which each and all tried to seek repose. Thiswas none other than the mamelon mentioned as above the outpost, whichhad been captured over their fire by the volunteer storming party inthe night. Still, from the spot in question there was anapproach to the enemy, who were seated on the pass before mentioned. judgment as to who deserved credit, justly led him to reject such The next day was a day of inaction: they halted and took in supplies,as there was much corn in the villages; but on the day following, themarch was continued through the plain (of the Tigris), andTissaphernes still hung on their skirts with his skirmishers. Full view only. When he had poured out the libation, he atonce led the two young men to Cheirisophus, and they repeated to himtheir story. So Cheirisophus with his detachment stepped in. The soldiers outside have their eyes fixedupon you; if they think that you are faint-hearted, they will turncowards; but if you show them that you are making your ownpreparations to attack the enemy, and setting an example to therest--follow you, be assured, they will: imitate you they will. Some of them who hadbeen on duty in the rearguard had had no breakfast (it so happened).However, the enemy never ceased rolling down their stones all throughthe night, as was easy to infer from the booming sound. Whenever the rear was the point attacked,Cheirisophus, in the same way, made a detour, and by endeavouring tomount higher than the barricaders, freed the passage for the rearrank; and in this way, turn and turn about, they rescued each other,and paid unflinching attention to their mutual needs. It was clear that there was something or otherhappening, but there was no time to go to the front and discover thecause of the hurry. To-day you have made 16trial of them, and knowing that, however many times your number, theydo not care to await your onset, what concern have you now to beafraid of them? Yet it was not withoutpurpose that he applied the whip; he had a theory that there was nogood to be got out of an unchastened army. 47. Search HathiTrust. "Nor let any one suppose that herein is a point of weakness, in thatCyrus's troops, who before were drawn up by your side, have nowdeserted us, for they are even worse cowards still than those weworsted. 26). Apart from the intrinsic charm of the story, the "Anabasis" is interesting as containing the raw material of experience and reflection which "this young scholar or philosopher," our friend, the author, will one day turn to literary account. The banks before named on which they weredrawn up were a hundred yards or more distant from the river, and thesingle road which was visible was one leading upwards and looking likea regular artificially constructed highway. A good solder! Such wereyour forefathers, and their sons are ye. "Let us look another matter in the face. And at asomewhat later date, when Xerxes assembled his countless hosts andmarched upon Hellas, then[4] too our fathers conquered the forefathersof our foes by land and by sea. It is hardto say what he did not do, he was so at his wit's end, sending usembassies and begging for a truce, and furnishing provisions thewhile, until he had got it. what is happening at this instant? 1017. Butler & Tanner, The Selwood Printing Works, Frome, and London. p. 123, note (1st ed.). Separated from Hellas by more than a thousand miles, they hadnot even a guide to point the way. If we are to fall into the hands of the king, what is left usbut to face the most horrible of sights, and to suffer the most 13fearful pains, and then to die, insulted, an ignominious death? In the midst of their perplexities, a Rhodian cameup with a proposal, as follows: "I am ready, sirs to carry you across,four thousand heavy infantry at a time; if you will furnish me withwhat I need and give me a talent into the bargain for my pains." With these words he ceased; and after him, Cheirisophus said:"Xenophon, hitherto I knew only so much of you as that you were, Iheard, an Athenian, but now I must commend you for your words and foryour conduct. But when we, instead of giving up our arms, put them onand went and pitched our camp near him, his manner changed. narrative clear is carefully avoided.” See Smith’s Dictionary of Greek He told them all that had happened. He has been mentioned before, of course, more than once before; but he now steps, as the protagonist, upon the scene, and as Grote says: "It is in true Homeric vein, and in something like Homeric language, that Xenophon (to whom we owe the whole narrative of the expedition) describes his dream, or the intervention of Oneiros, sent by Zeus, from which this renovating impulse took its rise.". [6] Here seems to be the germ--unless, indeed, the thought had been conceived above--here at any rate the first conscious expression of the colonisation scheme, of which we shall hear more below, in reference to Cotyora; the Phasis; Calpe. Written in Attic Greek, it is addressed to the Philhelleneelite (Carlsen 2014). At this signal the party on thesummit were to attack the enemy in occupation of the visible pass,while the generals with the main body would bring up their succours;making their way up with what speed they might. It narrates the expedition of a large army of Greek mercenaries hired by Cyrus the Younger to help him seize the throne of Persia from his brother, Artaxerxes II, in 401 BC. So too, I am sure, he would be only too gladto accommodate us in the same way, if he saw us preparing to settledown here. We haveheard of the Mysians, a people whom we certainly cannot admit to bebetter than ourselves; and yet they inhabit numbers of large andprosperous cities in the king's own country without asking leave. This observation,also, I have laid to heart, that they, who in matters of war seek inall ways to save their lives, are just they who, as a rule, diedishonourably; whereas they who, recognising that death is the commonlot and destiny of all men, strive hard to die nobly: these morefrequently, as I observe, do after all attain to old age, or, at anyrate, while life lasts, they spend their days more happily. The Anabasis of Alexander; or, The history of the wars and conquests of Alexander the Great. v. 1. Xenophon: The Anabasis of Xenophon: chiefly according to the text of L. Dindorf, with notes for the use of schools and colleges, (New York, D. Appleton & co., 1871), ed. ANABASIS. [1] Larissa, on the side of the modern Nimrud (the south-west corner, as is commonly supposed, of Nineveh). Now, when these had come together, Cheirisophus theLacedaemonian first rose and spoke as follows: "Fellow-soldiers, thepresent posture of affairs is not pleasant, seeing that we are robbedof so many generals and captains and soldiers; and more than that, our 2former allies, Ariaeus and his men, have betrayed us; still, we mustrise above our circumstances to prove ourselves brave men, and notgive in, but try to save ourselves by glorious victory if we can; or,if not, at least to die gloriously, and never, while we have breath inour bodies, fall into the hands of our enemies. The Medes once dwelt in it. He sprung up in terror,and pondering the matter, decided that in part the dream was good: inthat he had seen a great light from Zeus, whilst in the midst of toiland danger. Xenophon went and put the question toApollo, to which of the gods he must pray and do sacrifice, so that hemight best accomplish his intended journey and return in safety, withgood fortune. Nosooner, however, were the Hellenes safely past this crest, than theycame in sight of another in front of them, also occupied, and deemedit advisable to storm it also. great merits of the work, independent of those already mentioned, is And nowit was that the Hellenes discovered the defect of marching in a squarewith an enemy following. Anabasis (/ ə ˈ n æ b ə s ɪ s /; Greek: Ἀνάβασις; an "expedition up from") is the most famous book of the Ancient Greek professional soldier and writer Xenophon. In all these respects the Anabasis As tothose who were slain the Hellenes, acting upon impulse, mutilatedtheir bodies, by way of impressing their enemy with as frightful animage as possible. Here there was a return of the old despondency. Anabasis definition: the march of Cyrus the Younger and his Greek mercenaries from Sardis to Cunaxa in... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples 30; v. 26; vii. They resolved further tolet go free all the lately-captured slaves in the host; for the paceof the march was necessarily rendered slow by the quantity of animalsand prisoners, and the number of non-combatants in attendance on these 13was excessive, while, with such a crowd of human beings to satisfy,twice the amount of provisions had to be procured and carried. Cheirisophus retorted: "That isnot quite my view; I say, let us do a little burning ourselves, andthey will cease all the quicker. - p. 389), of which Arrian's account of the life of him is the best extant,in that it is the most complete and reliable (E. Borza). The Anabasis (which survives complete in seven books) is a history of the campaigns of Alexander the Great, specifically his conquest of the Persian Empire between 336 and 323 BC. Wouldyou, Xenophon, repeat what you said to us?". They were under the command ofStratocles, a Cretan. and from what city? And then, on the second hill,the whole had to be gone through again; so that when it came to thethird hillock, they determined not to move the main body of troopsfrom their position until they had brought up a squadron of lightinfantry from the right flank of the square to a point on the mountainrange. The Anabasis of Alexander; or, The history of the wars and conquests of Alexander the Great. The baggage animals of theHellenes and the mob of non-combatants were just about to cross, whenXenonphon turned his troops right about to face the Carduchians.Vis-a-vis he formed his line, passing the order to the captains eachto form his company into sections, and to deploy them into line by theleft, the captains of companies and lieutenants in command of sectionsto advance to meet the Carduchians, while the rear leaders would keeptheir position facing the river. Now there was in that host a certain man, an Athenian[1], Xenophon,who had accompanied Cyrus, neither as a general, nor as an officer,nor yet as a private soldier, but simply on the invitation of an oldfriend, Proxenus. Referre in tanto rege piget superbam mutationem vestis et desideratas the wreath, an action which the soldiers would perform symbolically, if Grote is right in his interpretation of the passage, "Hist. of Coenus, as well as some other speeches, are masterly specimens of 980 Plutarch (Alex., 28) attributes the same motive to Alexander "Why, when we had it in our power to destroy you, did we not proceedto do it? The generals resolved to 5hear what he had to say; and advancing on their side to withinspeaking distance, they demanded what he wanted. Cheirisophus was in possession of the higher ground, and Lycius, withhis little squadron, in an attempt to follow up the pursuit, hadcaptured some stragglers of their baggage-bearers, and with them somehandsome apparel and drinking-cups. 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